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MLA Style Guide (8th edition): Works Cited: Journal Articles

Quick reference guide to MLA style: how to do in-text citations and Works Cited page

Citing articles

On your Works Cited page, list all your sources alphabetically by author name, according to the pattern shown here.  Use a hanging indent!

Scholarly resources in databases often include a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which is a number.  If a DOI is available, use that instead of a URL.

Online scholarly resources and news sites often have unstable URLs and offer permalinks, which are shorter and permanent.  Look for a "permalink" button and use that if one is available.

A newspaper article (in print):

Krugman, Andrew. "Fear of Eating." New York Times, late ed., 21 May 2007, p. A1.

Courter, Gay. "Reunification Policy Puts Children at Risk." Tampa Bay Times, 11 Sep. 2018, p. 9.

  • If the newspaper is a small or local publication, put the location in brackets after the paper's title.

Byik, Andre. "Closing Arguments in Case of Assault." Enterprise-Record [Chico, California], 26 Oct. 2018, p. 1, 4.

Behre, Robert. "Presidential Hopefuls Get Final Crack at Core of S.C. Democrats." Post and Courier [Charleston, SC], 29 Apr. 2007, p. A11.

A magazine or scholarly journal article (in print):

Dickey, Christopher. “Life on the Front Lines.” Newsweek, vol. 160, no. 27, 31 Dec. 2012, pp. 52–57.

Neuman, Johanna. “A Venerable Tradition.” U.S. News & World Report, vol. 147, no. 10, Nov. 2010, pp. 12–21.

An article with no author:

"Aging; Women Expect to Care for Aging Parents but Seldom Prepare." Women's Health Weekly, 10 May 2007, p. 18.

A magazine or newspaper article from an online database:

Haynes, Suyin, et al. “#MeToo Heads East.” Time, vol. 192, no. 17, Oct. 2018, pp. 48–51. EBSCOhost,

Zakaria, Fareed. "Theocracy and its Discontents." Newsweek Vol.153, No.26, Jun. 2009. SIRS Issues Researcher, .

John Kelly. “Customers. They Can’t Be Trusted. Why Else Would Stores Put up so Many Signs?” Washington Post, The, 2018 10AD. EBSCOhost,

Faiola, Anthony. "Furious Over Leaks, Britain Takes Aim at Messenger." Washington Post, 01 Dec. 2013, pp. A.20. SIRS Issues Researcher,

A scholarly article from a database (with DOI):

Mukamel, Dana B., et al. “End-of-Life Quality-of-Care Measures for Nursing Homes: Place of Death and Hospice.” Journal of Palliative Medicine, vol. 15, no. 4, Apr. 2012, pp. 438–446. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1089/jpm.2011.0345.

Blakeman, John R., B.S.N., Samuelson, Sheryl J,PhD., R.N., and McEvoy, Kimberly N, BSN,R.N., T.N.S. "Analysis of a Silent Voice: A Qualitative Inquiry of Embroidery Created by a Patient with Schizophrenia." Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services, vol. 51, no. 6, 2013, pp. 38-45. ProQuest, doi:

A scholarly article from a database (without DOI):

Strickrodt, Silke. "African Girls' Samplers From Mission Schools in Sierra Leone (1820s to 1840s)." History in Africa, vol. 37, 2010, pp. 189-245. ProQuest, .

Golna, C., et al. “Alternative Systems for the Provision of Pharmacologically Assisted Treatment of Opioid Dependence: From Strict Control to Care in the Community and Primary Health Care.” Archives of Hellenic Medicine / Arheia Ellenikes Iatrikes, vol. 31, July 2014, pp. 25–34. EBSCOhost, .

An editorial or letter to the editor:

Insert the description "Letter" or "Editorial" after the author's name.

"Of Mines and Men." Editorial. Wall Street Journal, eastern edition, 24 Oct. 2003, p. A14.

Digital files:

Cite according to what it is: a song, a written text, a video.  At the end of the citation, describe the nature of the file: an MP3, a PDF, a JPEG, a Word document.

Smith, George. “Pax Americana: Strife in a Time of Peace.” 2005. Microsoft Word file.

Council of Writing Program Administrators, National Council of Teachers of English, and National Writing Project. Framework for Success in Postsecondary Writing. CWPA, NCTE, and NWP, 2011,

MLA Handbook

Find more help

Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL) has an excellent online style guide.  Take a look for more help!

Want to try a new, free software tool to build your bibliography?  MyBib is the best tool we've seen for building and keeping a list of citations.  It's easy to use and lets you switch between several styles.  Try it out at